A3 Book section, chapters in research books

Sustainability of Waste Management System: Environmental Impact Management with Life Cycle Assessment

Publication Details

Authors: Havukainen Jouni, Deviatkin Ivan, Horttanainen Mika

Editors of book: Sheehy, Benedict

Publishing place: Cham, Switzerland

Publication year: 2021

Language: English

Title of parent publication: Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management

eISBN: 978-3-030-02006-4

JUFO level of this publication: 2

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02006-4_414-1

Permanent website address: https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007%2F978-3-030-02006-4_414-1

Open Access: Not an Open Access publication


Increased global concern on the state our climate, water, and soil have driven the waste management sector to look for technical solutions that enable lowering of the environmental impacts. This has led to investigations on the environmental impacts of waste management systems for which life cycle assessment (LCA) has been widely used. The LCA methodology is a standardized approach and the principles and general guidelines are laid down in the ISO 14040 and 14044 standards. The main aim has been in comparing different treatment methods and with 1 t of municipal solid waste (MSW) as a functional unit (FU). LCA can be utilized as a support for investment or development decisions, in research and development as well as in providing information for decision makers. Two main MSW treatment technologies, which have been investigated the most, are landfill disposal and incineration. In general, landfill disposal is less favorable than waste incineration, while the operation environment and technological advancement have a large impact on the net results. However, the LCA studies on MSW management to date have mostly focused on European or Asian countries (and to some extent in North and South America) while a large share of nations have not a single MSW management LCA study.

Last updated on 2021-09-12 at 09:13