A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Open and sustainable: An emerging frontier in innovation management?

Open Access hybrid publication

Publication Details

Authors: Kimpimäki Jaan-Pauli, Malacina Iryna, Lähdeaho Oskari

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication year: 2021

Language: English

Related journal or series: Technological Forecasting and Social Change

Volume number: 174

ISSN: 0040-1625

eISSN: 1873-5509

JUFO level of this publication: 3

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2021.121229

Permanent website address: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040162521006624?via%3Dihub

Open Access: Open Access hybrid publication


The concepts of openness and sustainability have both enjoyed an increasing popularity in recent scientific literature. However, research has yet to fully utilize their combination and the potential carried toward developing strategies and policies toward solving complex sustainability issues. The primary objective of this paper is to identify and describe the theoretical connections between sustainability and open innovation. We investigate the structural and statistical aspects of recent open innovation literature in search of signs of sustainability using bibliometric metadata and perform a content analysis of articles relevant to Sustainable Open Innovation. Our findings indicate that despite a lack of institutionalized use of sustainability-related keywords, circa nine per cent of the sample articles materially discuss aspects of sustainability or societal concerns from various perspectives, but also lack a holistic and unified approach. As our primary contribution, we shift the level of inquiry in Sustainable Open Innovation research from an organizational-level toward a multi-level system understanding, situating our findings regarding open and sustainable forms of innovation present in the literature as a framework containing the individual, organizational, city, and regional levels and their interconnections.

Last updated on 2021-08-11 at 09:18