A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Low-cost renewable electricity as the key driver of the global energy transition towards sustainability

Open Access hybrid publication

Publication Details

Authors: Bogdanov Dmitrii, Ram Manish, Aghahosseini Arman, Gulagi Ashish, Oyewo Ayobami Solomon, Child Michael, Caldera Upeksha, Sadovskaia Kristina, Farfan Javier, De Souza Noel Simas Barbosa Larissa, Fasihi Mahdi, Khalili Siavash, Traber Thure, Breyer Christian

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication year: 2021

Language: English

Related journal or series: Energy

Journal acronym: Energy

Volume number: 227

ISSN: 0360-5442

eISSN: 1873-6785

JUFO level of this publication: 3

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2021.120467

Permanent website address: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2021.120467

Open Access: Open Access hybrid publication


Climate change threats and the necessity to achieve global Sustainable Development Goals demand unprecedented economic and social shifts around the world, including a fundamental transformation of the global energy system. An energy transition is underway in most regions, predominantly in the power sector. This research highlights the technical feasibility and economic viability of 100% renewable energy systems including the power, heat, transport and desalination sectors. It presents a technology-rich, multi-sectoral, multi-regional and cost-optimal global energy transition pathway for 145 regional energy systems sectionalised into nine major regions of the world. This 1.5 °C target compatible scenario with rapid direct and indirect electrification via Power-to-X processes and massive defossilisation indicates substantial benefits: 50% energy savings, universal access to fresh water and low-cost energy supply. It also provides an energy transition pathway that could lead from the current fossil-based system to an affordable, efficient, sustainable and secure energy future for the world.

Last updated on 2021-08-11 at 09:18