A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Renewable energy in Pakistan: Paving the way towards a fully renewables-based energy system across the power, heat, transport and desalination sectors by 2050

Open Access publication

Publication Details

Authors: Sadiqa Ayesha, Gulagi Ashish, Bogdanov Dmitrii, Caldera Upeksha, Breyer Christian

Publisher: IET

Publication year: 2021

Language: English

Related journal or series: IET Renewable Power Generation

ISSN: 1752-1416

eISSN: 1752-1424

JUFO level of this publication: 2

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/rpg2.12278

Open Access: Open Access publication


Pakistan is currently undertaking a substantial expansion of electricity
generation capacity to provide electricity for all its end-users and to
satisfy a fast-growing economy. Adoption of low-cost, abundant and
clean renewable energy will not only fulfil its growing electricity,
heat, transportation and desalinated water demand but also help achieve
the goals set under the Paris Agreement. A technology-rich energy system
model applied in hourly resolution has been used for investigating the
transition in 5-year periods until 2050. This study demonstrates that a
100% renewable energy system across the power, heat, transport and
desalination sectors is not only technically feasible but also
economically viable. Solar photovoltaics emerges as a key technology to
generate electricity and contribute a share of 92% to the total primary
energy demand across all sectors by 2050. The levelised cost of energy
for a 100% renewable energy system is calculated as 56.1 €/MWh in 2050,
lower than 70 €/MWh for the current fossil fuel-based system. A key
feature of Pakistan's future energy system is the huge increase in
demand across all energy sectors, particularly for desalinated water,
which is almost 19% of the final energy demand. This share of energy for
desalination is among the highest in the world. Direct and indirect
electrification across all demand sectors increases the efficiency of
the future energy system. Moreover, GHG emissions from all the sectors
will drop to zero by 2050 in a fully sustainable energy scenario.

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Last updated on 2021-21-10 at 12:16