In search of an ideal knowledge worker: Passion for inventing and life satisfaction as drivers for work engagement with the moderating role of challenging job demands

Publication Details

Authors: Toth Ilona, Heinänen Sanna, Puumalainen Kaisu, Nisula Anna-Maija, Kianto Aino

Publication year: 2021

Language: English

JUFO level of this publication:


How are personal resources and challenging job
demands connected with work engagement in highly specialized knowledge work? We
addressed this question through a quantitative study using two analysis methods.
Basing on a literature review and using the job demands-resources model, we
identified two personal resources and four challenging job demands associated
with the development of work engagement in highly specialized knowledge work.
We then created and tested a theoretical model proposing that personal
resources are positively related to work engagement and that challenging job
demands moderate these relationships. We used hierarchical cluster analysis to
divide our respondents (N = 391) into three work role clusters based on the
demands for creativity, curiosity, flexibility, and self-reported initiative in
their work. Analysis
of covariance was applied to test the influence of entrepreneurial passion and
life satisfaction on work engagement with the interaction of work role
clusters. Finally, fuzzy set qualitative
comparative analysis was used to determine the configurations of personal
resources and job demands that consistently lead to high levels of work
Our results confirmed that both personal resources and challenging job demands
are positively connected with work engagement and that the drivers of work
engagement significantly differ among work role clusters. According to the results, there is unexplored potential in how knowledge
workers benefit from their psychological capabilities for beneficial job
attitudes, such as work engagement.

This study offers interesting insights for
human resource management professionals into matching individuals with
suitable ways of conducting their work.

Last updated on 2021-01-08 at 17:30