In search of an ideal knowledge worker: Passion for inventing and life satisfaction as drivers for work engagement with the moderating role of challenging job demands

Publication Details

Authors: Toth Ilona, Heinänen Sanna, Puumalainen Kaisu, Nisula Anna-Maija, Kianto Aino

Publication year: 2021

Language: English

JUFO level of this publication: 0


How are personal resources and challenging job demands connected with work engagement in highly specialized knowledge work? We addressed this question through a quantitative study using two analysis methods. Basing on a literature review and using the job demands-resources model, we identified two personal resources and four challenging job demands associated with the development of work engagement in highly specialized knowledge work. We then created and tested a theoretical model proposing that personal resources are positively related to work engagement and that challenging job demands moderate these relationships. We used hierarchical cluster analysis to divide our respondents (N = 391) into three work role clusters based on the demands for creativity, curiosity, flexibility, and self-reported initiative in their work. Analysis of covariance was applied to test the influence of entrepreneurial passion and life satisfaction on work engagement with the interaction of work role clusters. Finally, fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis was used to determine the configurations of personal resources and job demands that consistently lead to high levels of work engagement. Our results confirmed that both personal resources and challenging job demands are positively connected with work engagement and that the drivers of work engagement significantly differ among work role clusters. According to the results, there is unexplored potential in how knowledge workers benefit from their psychological capabilities for beneficial job attitudes, such as work engagement.

This study offers interesting insights for human resource management professionals into matching individuals with suitable ways of conducting their work.

Last updated on 2021-26-10 at 10:02