A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

3D printing of plant-derived compounds and a proposed nozzle design for the more effective 3D FDM printing

Open Access publication

Publication Details

Authors: Sharma Vedant, Roozbahani Hamid, Alizadeh Marjan, Handroos Heikki

Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE): OAJ / IEEE

Publication year: 2021

Language: English

Volume number: 9

Start page: 57107

End page: 57119

Number of pages: 13

eISSN: 2169-3536

JUFO level of this publication: 2

Digital Object Identifier (DOI): http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3071459

Permanent website address: https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9395619

Social media address: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/350705046_3D_printing_of_plant-derived_compounds_and_a_proposed_nozzle_design_for_the_more_effective_3D_FDM_printing

Open Access: Open Access publication

Research data location: https://lutpub.lut.fi/handle/10024/159573


Additive manufacturing technology has been developed in the manufacturing industry; however, limited choice of materials and low printing speeds in large-scale production make 3D printing challenging in the industry. Wood and cellulose-based materials have recently drawn a lot of attention for use as 3D printing materials due to their unique properties such as environmental friendliness, cost-effectiveness and abundancy. However, because these compounds are derived from various natural sources, their different particle sizes can result in low 3D printing quality. The objective of this study is to resolve the mentioned deficiencies in the packaging industry by designing a novel 3D printer nozzle based on the material extrusion method (FDM technique), which provides higher printing speed and enhanced quality for wood and cellulose-based materials. The packaging industry can significantly benefit from 3D printing technology for cellulose-based materials by producing high-quality recyclable economical packaging on a large scale according to the clients’ demand. The proposed nozzle design enables selecting different geometrical cross-sections of the nozzle dies and any number of extrusion points along the nozzle die simultaneously during the 3D printing process. These capabilities lead to advanced performance and improved speed of 3D printing in large scale manufacturing. The proposed nozzle design provides a novel technique for 3D printing of plant-derived compounds with remarkable advantages such as providing selective variable extrusion and multiple nozzle dies. Compared to other existing 3D printing techniques, the proposed nozzle abilities make it a promising option with higher speed and better functionality for the packaging industry.


Last updated on 2021-30-04 at 10:53