A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Surface selective removal of xylan from refined never-dried birch kraft pulp


LUT Authors / Editors

Publication Details
Authors: Saukkonen Esa, Lyytikäinen Katja, Geydt Pavel, Backfolk Kaj
Publication year: 2014
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Cellulose
Volume number: 21
Issue number: 5
JUFO-Level of this publication: 2
Open Access: Not an Open Access publication

Abstract
In this study, the effect of enzyme treatment on refined, never-dried bleached birch kraft pulp was investigated, using an endo-1,4-β-xylanase, that is substantially free from cellulase activity. The xylanase treatment of refined never-dried pulp revealed a rapid initial hydrolysis rate with a time-dependent saturation level in the amount of hydrolyzed pulp carbohydrates. Surprisingly short xylanase treatment times were found to have an impact on the fiber surface structure and on the physicochemical properties of kraft pulp fibers. Xylanase treatment led to mild microscopic differences in the ultrastructure of a never-dried fiber, whereas local topographical differences were distinguishable with atomic force microscopy. Results from the analysis of dissolved carbohydrates and the interfacial properties of the xylanase-treated never-dried fibers thus confirm a selective removal of xylan from the fiber surfaces. The zeta-potential charge and dewatering properties of the pulp slurry, fiber morphology, and strength properties of the paper were affected, which is a concomitant of xylanase treatment. However, the papermaking properties of the fibers were mainly preserved with simultaneous improvement in the dewatering rate of the pulp. Thus, optimized xylanase treatment of refined bleached kraft pulp provides a fiber for papermaking or fiber modification purposes with a selectively modified chemical composition of the fiber surface layer.

Last updated on 2017-22-03 at 16:10