A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

LiDAR-Assisted Multi-source Processes (LAMP) for Measuring Above Ground Biomass and Forest Carbon


Open Access publication

LUT Authors / Editors

Publication Details
Authors: Kauranne Tuomo, Joshi Anup, Gautam Basanta, Manandhar Ugan, Nepal Santosh, Peuhkurinen Jussi, Hämäläinen Jarno, Junttila Virpi, Gunia Katja, Latva-Käyrä, Petri, Kolesnikov Alexander, Tegel Katri, Leppänen Vesa
Publisher: MDPI
Publication year: 2017
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Remote Sensing
Volume number: 9
Issue number: 2
Start page: 1
End page: 36
Number of pages: 36
ISSN: 2072-4292
JUFO-Level of this publication: 1
Open Access: Open Access publication

Abstract
Forest measurement for purposes like harvesting planning, biomass estimation and mitigating climate change through carbon capture by forests call for increasingly frequent forest measurement campaigns that need to balance cost with accuracy and precision. Often this implies the use of remote sensing based measurement methods. For any remote-sensing based methods to be accurate, they must be validated against field data. We present a method that combines field measurements with two layers of remote sensing data: sampling of forests by airborne laser scanning (LiDAR) and Landsat imagery. The Bayesian model-based framework presented here is called Lidar-Assisted Multi-source Programme -- or LAMP -- for Above Ground Biomass estimation. The method has two variants: LAMP2 which splits the biomass estimation task into two separate stages: forest type stratification from Landsat imagery and mean biomass density estimation of each forest type by LiDAR models calibrated on field plots. LAMP3, on the other hand, estimates first the biomass on a LiDAR sample using models calibrated with field plots and then uses these LiDAR-based models to generate biomass density estimates on thousands of surrogate plots, with which a satellite image based model is calibrated and subsequently used to estimate biomass density on the entire forest area. Both LAMP methods have been applied to a 2 million hectare area in Southern Nepal, the Terai Arc Landscape or TAL to calculate the emission Reference Levels (RLs) that are required for the UN REDD+ program that was accepted as part of the Paris Climate Agreement. The uncertainty of these estimates is studied with error variance estimation, cross-validation and Monte Carlo simulation. The relative accuracy of activity data at pixel level was found to be 14 per cent at 95 per cent confidence level and the root mean squared error of biomass estimates to be between 35 and 39 per cent at 1 ha resolution.

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Last updated on 2018-19-10 at 07:55