A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Carbon footprint of biobutanol by ABE fermentation from corn and sugarcane

Publication Details
Authors: Väisänen Sanni, Havukainen Jouni, Uusitalo Ville, Havukainen Minna, Soukka Risto, Luoranen Mika
Publication year: 2015
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Renewable Energy
Volume number: 89
Start page: 401
End page: 410
JUFO-Level of this publication: 1
Open Access: Not an Open Access publication

This article focuses on the saving potential of butanol as regards greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It is known that butanol can be used as a biofuel to decrease the greenhouse gas emissions from transport and that butanol may overcome blend wall limitations better than ethanol. However, the GHG emissions of butanol are not well known. The study is based on two case studies: corn butanol production in the USA and sugarcane butanol production in Brazil. Results obtained for GHG emissions show 79-122 gCO2-eq/MJ for corn butanol and -55-18 gCO2-eq/MJ for sugarcane butanol. Our results suggest that in the cases studied, producing butanol from corn (with the current cultivation and process practices) does not lead to GHG emission savings. On the other hand, producing butanol from sugarcane seems to have potential for GHG emission reductions in certain conditions. We highlight the differences between these two production chains and discuss how GHG emissions from these biofuel chains could be reduced.

Last updated on 2017-22-03 at 13:58