A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Robotic arc welding sensors and programming in industrial applications

Publication Details
Authors: Kah Paul, Shrestha Madan, Hiltunen Esa, Martikainen Jukka
Publication year: 2015
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Volume number: 10
Issue number: 13
Start page: 1
End page: 16
JUFO-Level of this publication: 1
Open Access: Not an Open Access publication

Technical innovations in robotic welding and greater availability of sensor-based control features have enabled manual welding processes in harsh work environments with excessive heat and fumes to be replaced with robotic welding. The use of industrial robots or mechanized equipment for high-volume productivity has become increasingly common, with robotized gas metal arc welding (GMAW) generally being used. More widespread use of robotic welding has necessitated greater capability to control welding parameters and robotic motion and improved fault detection and fault correction. Semi-autonomous robotic welding (i.e., highly automated systems requiring only minor operator intervention) faces a number of problems, the most common of which are the need to compensate for inaccuracies in fixtures for the workpiece, variations in workpiece dimensions, imperfect edge preparation, and in-process thermal distortions. Major challenges are joint edge detection, joint seam tracking, weld penetration control, and measurement of the width or profile of a joint. Such problems can be most effectively solved with the use of sensory feedback signals from the weld joint. Thus, sensors play an important role in robotic arc welding systems with adaptive and intelligent control system features that can track the joint, monitor in-process quality of the weld, and account for variation in joint location and geometry. This work describes various aspects of robotic welding, programming of robotic welding systems, and problems associated with the technique. It further discusses commercially available seam-tracking and seam-finding sensors and presents a practical case application of sensors for semi-autonomous robotic welding. This study increases familiarity with robotic welding and the role of sensors in robotic welding and their associated problems.

Last updated on 2017-22-03 at 14:23