A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Competitive and responsible? The relationship between corporate social and financial performance in the energy sector


Publication Details
Authors: Pätäri Satu, Arminen Heli, Tuppura Anni, Jantunen Ari
Publication year: 2014
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume number: 37
Start page: 142
End page: 154
JUFO-Level of this publication: 2
Open Access: Not an Open Access publication

Abstract
Our key research objective in this study is to examine whether investments in corporate social responsibility (CSR) have an effect on corporate financial performance (CFP), or vice versa. The context is the energy industry, in which sustainability issues are of vital importance. Our data set is compiled from the KLD database and Thomson ONE. We use panel data on energy-sector companies covering the years 1991 and 2009 in order to assess Granger causality between CSR strengths/concerns and CFP. We consider strengths and concerns separately, and use both accounting and market-based measures of CFP. Our findings indicate differing impacts on financial performance: CSR concerns Granger-cause both profitability and market value whereas CSR strengths seem only to Granger-cause market value. These effects appear after different delays. Furthermore, as CFP does not seem to Granger-cause CSP in most of the model specifications, our results do not support bidirectional causality between CSP and CFP.

Last updated on 2017-22-03 at 14:28