A4 Conference proceedings

The Role of Bioenergy in Achieving the Carbon Neutrality Target in Finland by 2035


Publication Details
Authors: Ranta Tapio, Karhunen Antti, Laihanen Mika
Publication year: 2021
Language: English
Related journal or series: European Biomass Conference And Exhibition
Title of parent publication: Proceedings of the 29th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition
Start page: 1220
End page: 1228
Number of pages: 9
ISBN: 978-88-89407-21-9
eISSN: 2282-5819
JUFO level of this publication: 0
Open Access: Not an Open Access publication

Abstract

The largest share of renewable energy in Finland comes from bioenergy.
In 2019, bioenergy accounted for 82% (416 PJ, 116 TWh) of renewable
energy in Finland. This study assesses the potential for increasing
bioenergy in energy production by 2035 and what role it will play in
achieving the carbon neutrality target in Finland. The role of different
energy sources in the energy system was examined using existing
scenarios developed for The National Long-Term Strategy. Two alternative
low-emission scenarios have been developed to last until 2050 to meet
the 2035 carbon neutrality target. The study also included a survey to
university students to map out how likely a carbon neutrality target is
to be considered by 2035 and what the most important methods there are
of achieving this goal. In 2035, the amount of bioenergy will be 520-550
PJ (144-153 TWh), which is about 70% of renewable energy consumption.
Wood-based energy accounts for more than half of this increase (62-72
PJ, 17-20 TWh) from the current level. After 2035, the bioenergy
resource has been fully deployed and the relative share of bioenergy in
renewables has decreased slightly. University students were unsure of
achieving the carbon neutrality target by 2035. The schedule was
considered challenging especially in the transport sector. Bioenergy was
also seen as still playing an important role, especially in heat
production. Achieving significant emission reductions will require
significant electrification in all energy use sectors, as fossil fuels
cannot be sustainably replaced by bioenergy on a sufficiently large
scale.


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Last updated on 2021-30-07 at 10:45