A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Energy Security Analysis for a 100% Renewable Energy Transition in Jordan by 2050

Open Access publication

Publication Details
Authors: Azzuni Abdelrahman, Aghahosseini Arman, Ram Manish, Bogdanov Dmitrii, Caldera Upeksha, Breyer Christian
Publisher: MDPI
Publication year: 2020
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Sustainability
Volume number: 12
Issue number: 12
eISSN: 2071-1050
JUFO-Level of this publication: 1
Open Access: Open Access publication


Energy security analysis is a strong tool for policy makers. It allows them to formulate

policies that would enhance energy systems by targeting necessary actions. In this study, the impacts

of transitioning from a fossil fuels to a renewables dominated energy system on energy security is

analysed for Jordan. A Best Policy Scenario was developed for the Jordanian energy system to trace

the transition to a 100% renewable energy system. Energy security was analysed for the future system

by a qualitative approach utilising colour codes. The results reveal that the primary energy demand

increases from 64 TWh in 2015 to 130 TWh in 2050, dominated by electricity and followed by heat and

bioenergy. This indicates that a high level of direct and indirect electrification is the key to transition

towards a fully sustainable energy system. Renewable electricity generation is projected to increase

from 0.1 TWh in 2015 to 110.7 TWh in 2050, with a solar photovoltaic share of 92%. The levelised

cost of energy develops from 78 ¿/MWh in 2015 to 61 ¿/MWh in 2050. In 2050, this system will have

zero greenhouse gas emissions, it will provide plenty of job opportunities and revenue generation.

This proposed transition will enhance the energy security level of the Jordanian energy system in

five of the six dimensions studied. The five dimensions that will be improved are availability, cost,

environment, health, and employment, whereas the dimension on diversity will stay neutral. It can

be concluded that Jordan can achieve a 100% renewable energy system by 2050 and such a transition

will enhance the energy security level.

Last updated on 2021-16-03 at 12:47