A4 Conference proceedings

Effects of Mach Number and Secondary Flows on Ultra-Low Aspect Ratio Radial Outflow Turbine Cascade Aerodynamics

Publication Details
Authors: Grönman Aki, Tiainen Jonna, Uusitalo Antti
Publication year: 2020
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: ASME Turbo Expo
Title of parent publication: ASME Turbo Expo 2020: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition : Volume 2E: Turbomachinery
Volume number: 2E
ISBN: 978-0-7918-8410-2
JUFO-Level of this publication: 1
Open Access: Not an Open Access publication


Radial outflow turbines are an alternative for axial turbines for example in heat recovery applications. They are, however, also often characterized by ultra-low aspect ratios. In these designs, the secondary losses dominate the overall loss share, and under a certain aspect ratio, the secondary structures from the hub and shroud begin to interact. This interaction causes a decrease in aerodynamic performance. Previous studies have suggested that the general flow phenomena between radial outflow and axial turbines could share several similarities due to observed trends in performance prediction. The blade outlet Mach number is known to affect the spanwise positions of the secondary vortices in axial turbine blading and therefore, its effect is also tested here for an ultra-low aspect ratio radial outflow turbine cascade. In addition, there are currently no cascade level experimental data publicly available, and the suitability of axial turbine loss correlations under these conditions remains an open question. From this background, the current study presents an experimental, numerical, and loss correlation analysis of the effects of an isentropic Mach number in a radial outflow turbine cascade. An experimental campaign is used to validate the numerical model both quantitatively and qualitatively. In addition, the validity of the axial turbine loss correlation is extended to ultra-low aspect ratios by introducing a new variable called penetration length. The main findings are: 1. The flow phenomena do not differ significantly from what has been observed with axial turbines, 2. The effect of penetration length calculation Address all correspondence to this author.
method on the loss breakdown is relatively low, and 3. With ultra-low aspect ratio radial outflow turbines, the loss breakdown is markedly changed when the extended Benner’s approach is employed.

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Last updated on 2021-15-01 at 10:45