A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Modeling of CO2 Capture with Water Bubble Column Reactor


Open Access publication

Publication Details
Authors: Inkeri Eero, Tynjälä Tero
Publisher: MDPI
Publication year: 2020
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Energies
Volume number: 13
Issue number: 21
ISSN: 1996-1073
JUFO-Level of this publication: 1
Permanent website address: https://www.mdpi.com/880768
Open Access: Open Access publication

Abstract

The demand for carbon capture is increasing over time due to rising CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2 levels in the atmosphere. Even though fossil emission could be decreased or even eliminated, there is a need to start removing CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2 from the atmosphere. The removed CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2 could be either stored permanently to a reservoir (CCS, Carbon Capture and Storage) or utilized as a raw material in a long-lasting product (CCU, Carbon Capture and Utilization). The capture of CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2 could be done by direct air capture, or capturing CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2 from biogenic sources. Amine absorption is the state-of-the-art method to capture CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2, but it has some drawbacks: toxicity, high heat demand, and sorbent sensitivity towards impurities such as sulfur compounds and degradation in cyclic operation. Another potential solvent for CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2 could be water, which is easily available and safe to use in many applications. The problem with water is the poorer solubility of CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2, compared with amines, which leads to larger required flow rates. This study analyzed the technical feasibility of water absorption in a counterflow bubble column reactor. A dynamic, one-dimensional multiphase model was developed. The gas phase was modeled with plug flow assumption, and the liquid phase was treated as axially dispersed plug flow. CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2 capture efficiency, produced CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2 mass flow rate, and the product gas CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2 content were estimated as a function of inlet gas and liquid flow rate. In addition, the energy consumption per produced CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2-tonne was calculated. The CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2 capture efficiency was improved by increasing the liquid flow rate, while the CO2" role="presentation" style="max-height: none; display: inline; line-height: normal; font-size: 13.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border-width: 0px; border-style: initial; position: relative;">2 content in product gas was decreased. For some of the studied liquid flow rates, an optimum gas flow rate was found to minimize the specific energy consumption. Further research is required to study the integration and dynamical operation of the system in a realistic operation environment.


Last updated on 2021-16-03 at 12:47