A4 Conference proceedings

Transportation system analysis of empty fruit bunches biomass supply chain based on delivery cost and greenhouse gas emissions

Open Access hybrid publication

Publication Details
Authors: Zahraee Seyed Mojib, Rahimpour Golroudbary Saeed, Shiwakoti Nirajan, Stasinopoulos Peter, Kraslawski Andrzej
Publisher: Elsevier: Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No-Derivatives License
Publication year: 2020
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Procedia Manufacturing
Title of parent publication: 30th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM2021)
Volume number: 51
Start page: 1717
End page: 1722
Number of pages: 6
ISSN: 2351-9789
JUFO-Level of this publication: 1
Open Access: Open Access hybrid publication


The future of sustainable energy supply and production is moving toward the use of renewable sources like biomass. It is important to develop sustainable biomass supply chain (BSC) by enhancing energy security, decreasing air pollution, and reduction of total cost. The main barriers in the sustainable development of BSC are transportation cost and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that represent substantial proportion of the total cost of the BSC. This paper aims to examine the delivery cost and GHG emissions of different transportation modes (train and truck) of oil palm empty fruit bunches (EFB) biomass supply chain. To achieve this goal, we used the data of three EFB suppliers in Malaysia as a case study. We then developed a dynamic simulation model using AnyLogic software to predict the delivery cost and greenhouse gas emissions. Results showed that the highest GHG emissions were associated with train transportation mode while it was lowest with truck. Cost analysis showed that highest cumulative transportation cost is associated with truck while train has the lowest cumulative transportation costs. These results highlight the opportunity for decision makers to minimize the delivery cost and GHG emissions by optimizing the transportation systems for BSC.

Last updated on 2020-20-11 at 08:38

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