A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Towards sustainable development in the MENA region: Analysing the feasibility of a 100% renewable electricity system in 2030


Open Access publication

Publication Details
Authors: Aghahosseini Arman, Bogdanov Dmitrii, Breyer Christian
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2020
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Energy Strategy Reviews
Volume number: 28
ISSN: 2211-467X
JUFO-Level of this publication: 1
Open Access: Open Access publication

Abstract

This research explores the feasibility of 100% renewable energy (RE)
systems for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region for
assumptions of the year 2030. The demand for three sectors are taken
into account: power, non-energetic industrial gas and seawater
desalination. Three strategical scenarios are discussed, namely Region,
Area and Integrated, mainly differing in level of regional grid
interconnection and sector coupling. Solar photovoltaics (PV) and wind
energy are found to be the most cost-competitive RE sources with the
highest potential in the region covering more than 90% of the generation
capacity in all the considered scenarios. The variability of RE is
solved via energy storage, surplus electricity generation and
electricity grids. The estimated overall levelised cost of electricity
(LCOE) lies between 40.3 and 52.8 €/MWh, depending on the scenarios. The
total LCOE decreased by 17% as a result of sector coupling compared to
the interconnected power sector alone. Power-to-gas technology not only
functions as a seasonal storage by storing surplus electricity produced
mainly from wind power and partially from solar PV, but provides also
the required gas for the non-energetic industrial gas sector. Battery
storage complements solar PV as a diurnal storage to meet the
electricity demand during the evening and night time. Seawater reverse
osmosis desalination powered by renewables could potentially be a proper
solution to overcome the water challenges in the MENA region at
affordable cost of 1.4 €/m3. A comparison with a BAU strategy
shows that a 100% renewable energy-based power system is 55–69% cheaper
than a BAU strategy without and with greenhouse gas emission costs.


Projects
NEO-CARBON ENERGY (01/07/2014 - 31/12/2017)

Last updated on 2020-07-10 at 07:48