A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Assessment of lithium criticality in the global energy transition and addressing policy gaps in transportation

Open Access hybrid publication

Publication Details
Authors: Greim Peter, Asfaw Solomon, Breyer Christian
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group: Nature Communications / Nature Publishing Group
Publication year: 2020
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Nature Communications
Volume number: 11
Issue number: 1
Start page: 1
End page: 11
Number of pages: 11
ISSN: 2041-1723
JUFO-Level of this publication: 3
Open Access: Open Access hybrid publication


The forthcoming global energy transition requires a shift to new and
renewable technologies, which increase the demand for related materials.
This study investigates the long-term availability of lithium (Li) in
the event of significant demand growth of rechargeable lithium-ion
batteries for supplying the power and transport sectors with very-high
shares of renewable energy. A comprehensive assessment that uses 18
scenarios, created by combining 8 demand related variations with 4
supply conditions, were performed. Here this study shows that Li is
critical to achieve a sustainable energy transition. The achievement of a
balanced Li supply and demand throughout this century depends on the
presence of well-established recycling systems, achievement of
vehicle-to-grid integration, and realisation of transportation services
with lower Li intensity. As a result, it is very important to achieve a
concerted global effort to enforce a mix of policy goals identified in
this study.

Last updated on 2021-16-03 at 12:47