A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Process integration of chemical looping combustion with oxygen uncoupling in a biomass-fired combined heat and power plant


Open Access hybrid publication

Publication Details
Authors: Peltola Petteri, Saari Jussi, Tynjälä Tero, Hyppänen Timo
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2020
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Energy
Journal acronym: Energy
Volume number: 210
ISSN: 0360-5442
eISSN: 1873-6785
JUFO-Level of this publication: 3
Open Access: Open Access hybrid publication

Abstract

Bioenergy with CO2 capture and storage (BECCS) has been introduced as a promising negative emission technology (NET) that opens up the possibility of producing power and heat with negative CO2 emissions. By combining 1.5D reactor modelling with flowsheet simulation of a complete full-scale cogeneration plant, this study assesses the applicability and potential of an advanced CO2 capture technology, namely chemical looping with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU), for CO2 capture from a biomass-fired combined heat and power (CHP) plant generating electricity, district heat (DH) at 75–90 °C supply and 45 °C return temperatures, and process steam at 10 and 4.5 bar(a) pressures. Nordic wood (50% wet-basis moisture) is used as fuel. The key performance indicators of the CLOU-integrated CHP plant were quantified and compared with those of a non-CCS reference plant. Part-load operation at reduced DH loads was considered. At 100% fuel load, the CLOU plant captured 99.0% of the CO2 from the combustion of biomass and still achieved a net efficiency of 80.1%LHV, a value very close to that of the reference plant without CO2 capture or flue gas condensation (81.1%LHV). Depending on the fuel load, the specific negative CO2 emissions from the CLOU plant ranged from 439 to 504 kgCO2/MWh.


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Last updated on 2021-16-03 at 12:47