A4 Conference proceedings

Carbon footprint of an EUR-sized wooden and a plastic pallet

Open Access publication

Publication Details
Authors: Deviatkin Ivan, Horttanainen Mika
Publication year: 2020
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: E3S web of conferences
Title of parent publication: 2019 7th International Conference on Environment Pollution and Prevention (ICEPP 2019)
Volume number: 158
ISSN: 2555-0403
eISSN: 2267-1242
JUFO-Level of this publication: 1
Open Access: Open Access publication


Pallets are an essential element of existing logistics worldwide.
Pallets are simple in structure, yet they can be made of different
materials, in varying dimensions, and be marketed via alternative
management systems. This paper examines a carbon footprint, an indicator
of impact on climate change, of a widely used EUR-size (1200 mm × 800
mm) pallet made of wood or plastic using the data from previously
published literature. The study is geographically representative of
Finland, while time and technological representativeness depend on the
studies reviewed. On average, the production of a wooden pallet, i.e.
cradle-to-gate, has a partial carbon footprint of 5.0 kg CO2-eq. and of -34 kg CO2-eq. if accounting for carbon sequestration in wood. Manufacturing of a virgin plastic pallet releases 62 kg CO2-eq.
Given the functional unit of 1000 customer trips and service life of 20
times for a wooden pallet and 66 times for a plastic pallet, the
cradle-to-grave impacts of the wooden and the plastic pallets are 17 kg
CO2-eq. and 1790 kg CO2-eq., respectively when the pallets are incinerated at the end-of-life, or 0.34 kg CO2-eq. per one wooden pallet and 120 kg CO2-eq. per one plastic pallet.

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Last updated on 2020-25-03 at 14:31