A2 Review article, literature review, systematic review

Review of natural fiber-reinforced engineering plastics composites, their applications in the transportation sector and processing techniques

Publication Details
Authors: Chauhan Vardaan, Kärki Timo, Varis Juha
Publisher: SAGE Publications (UK and US)
Publication year: 2019
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials
Start page: 1
End page: 41
Number of pages: 41
ISSN: 0892-7057
eISSN: 1530-7980
JUFO-Level of this publication: 1
Open Access: Not an Open Access publication


Interest in natural fiber-reinforced polymer (NFRP) composites is growing rapidly in the transportation sector, especially as a replacement material for metals and synthetic fiber composites. The heightened interest is directly related to a need to produce lightweight and fuel efficient vehicles. Further, stringent legislation and greater environmental awareness is forcing transportation industries to select materials with a smaller carbon footprint. In such a context, NFRP composite materials are a good choice due to their low cost, low environmental impact, and relatively equivalent properties to metals and other composites. Most prior studies have examined commodity plastics such as polypropylene, polyethylene, and epoxy as the primary polymer matrix in NFRP composites and little work has addressed engineering plastics. Engineering plastics, which includes polycarbonate, polyamides, and polystyrene, are high performance thermoplastics with superior properties but relatively higher cost than commodity plastics. It has been claimed that even after recycling, engineering plastics properties are superior to those of commodity plastics, and thus, utilization of recycled engineering plastic in NFRP composites can help reduce waste and lower composite material costs. The aim of this review article is to explore the current status of engineering plastics reinforced with natural fibers such as flax, hemp, jute, and sisal and to examine their use in automotive, aerospace, and maritime applications. Properties and processing techniques of engineering plastics reinforced with natural fibers are also studied.

LUT Focus Areas

Last updated on 2020-20-03 at 10:03