A3 Book section, chapters in research books

The Effect of Emerging Economies Operations on Knowledge Utilization: The Behavior of International Companies as Exaptation and Adaptation

LUT Authors / Editors

Publication Details
Authors: Aaltonen Päivi, Torkkeli Lasse, Worek Päivi
Editors of book: Marinov, Marin; Marinova, Svetla; Larimo, Jorma; Leposky, Tiina
Publishing place: Cham
Publication year: 2020
Language: English
Title of parent publication: International Business and Emerging Economy Firms. Volume I: Universal Issues and the Chinese Perspective
Volume number: 1
ISBN: 978-3-030-24481-1
eISBN: 978-3-030-24482-8
JUFO-Level of this publication: 3
Open Access: Not an Open Access publication


No one informed the dinosaurs that their thermal
insulation could someday be useful for another purpose, yet their feathers
developed into wings. This example describes exaptation, the discovery of new
uses for existing traits; complementary to adaptation. The former, which is
similar to opportunity recognition, and the latter, which follows environmental
demands, are paths of knowledge utilization. Following the notion of exaptive
repurposing of knowledge in internationalization, this study illustrates how
internationalizing emerging markets changes a firm’s behavior from adaptive to
exaptive, offering a systematic theory to analyze organizational behavior in a
variety of contexts. This study illustrates how a change from developed to
emerging locations demands new uses for existing knowledge. This expansion
creates further possibilities for additional expansions to developing economies
in a similar state. This is particularly important since it illustrates how
organizations from developed markets adopt a behavior more similar to ones
originating from emerging markets, such as the capability to deal with
political instability. However, this process can take a significantly long
time. Therefore, we suggest exaptation is an essential concept in understanding
organizational learning patterns in emerging markets and that capabilities
learned in emerging economies can further leverage organizational capabilities
in other emerging locations.

Last updated on 2020-24-01 at 16:12