A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

An investigation of the environmental sustainability of palm biomass supply chains via dynamic simulation modeling: A case of Malaysia


Open Access publication

Publication Details
Authors: Zahraee Seyed Mojib, Rahimpour Golroudbary Saeed, Shiwakoti Nirajan, Kraslawski Andrzej, Stasinopoulos Peter
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2019
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Journal of Cleaner Production
Journal acronym: JCP
ISSN: 0959-6526
eISSN: 1879-1786
JUFO-Level of this publication: 2
Open Access: Open Access publication
Location of the parallel saved publication: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi-fe2019073023239

Abstract


With the ever-increasing need for clean and accessible energy
sources, biomass has long been considered as a potential prospect. Malaysia is one of the leading suppliers and has the largest palm oil plantation in the world. Therefore, biomass from the palm oil industry appears to be a
very promising alternative source of raw materials, including for renewable
energy, in Malaysia. However, ensuring the environmental sustainability of the
biomass supply chain (BSC) is one of the major challenges faced by the biomass
industry. Therefore, this paper aims to assess the effect of
changing the efficiency of transportation technology (TT) and production
technology (PT) on the environmental sustainability of the palm oil BSC. We developed a dynamic simulation
model to explore the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for 50 years (2000-2050)
for three palm biomass suppliers (Johor, Perak and
Pahang) in Malaysia. Results
show that supplier in Perak produced the highest rate of GHG emissions in the whole system. Also, suppliers
in Johor and Perak had the highest GHG emissions with 180-240 million tonnes
(mt) CO2 equivalent (CO2e) and 375-400 mt CO2e, respectively, from transportation of empty
fruit bunches (EFB) product. In terms of production, the supplier in Perak had
the highest (and constant value) of GHG emissions (up to 160 mt CO2e).
The analysis shows that the supplier in Pahang generated the lowest level of GHG
emissions. Our
findings suggest that improvement of the transportation and production
efficiency of BSC should be the priority to work towards the sustainable
development of the palm biomass industry.




Last updated on 2020-20-03 at 10:03

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