A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Bioenergy RES hybrids - assessment of status in Finland, Austria, Germany, and Denmark

Open Access hybrid publication

Publication Details
Authors: Hakkarainen Elina, Hannula Ilkka, Vakkilainen Esa
Publisher: Wiley: 12 months
Publication year: 2019
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining
Journal acronym: Biofuels bioproducts and biorefining: biofpr
Volume number: 13
Issue number: 7
Start page: 1284
End page: 1291
Number of pages: 8
ISSN: 1932-104X
eISSN: 1932-1031
JUFO-Level of this publication: 2
Open Access: Open Access hybrid publication


This paper surveys the status and future prospects of bioenergy renewable energy source (RES) hybrids, i.e. energy conversion processes that have at least two renewable energy inputs, one of which is bioenergy. Finland, Austria, Germany and Denmark were the case study countries. We found that the implementation of bioenergy RES hybrids was already ongoing in various sectors, but a majority of them was focused on domestic heating applications. Bioenergy can be used to provide flexible resources for both energy supply and energy storage. An important motivation behind hybrid systems is the possibility of switching between different energy sources in an optimal way. No significant technical limitations were identified for surveyed hybrid systems, but the future economic potential of bioenergy RES hybrids remains difficult to estimate as the value of flexibility cannot be assessed in isolation from the energy system.

Last updated on 2020-20-03 at 10:03