A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Flexible electricity generation, grid exchange and storage for the transition to a 100% renewable energy system in Europe


Open Access hybrid publication

Publication Details
Authors: Child Michael, Kemfert Claudia, Bogdanov Dmitrii, Breyer Christian
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2019
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Renewable Energy
Volume number: 139
Start page: 80
End page: 101
Number of pages: 22
ISSN: 0960-1481
eISSN: 1879-0682
JUFO-Level of this publication: 2
Open Access: Open Access hybrid publication

Abstract

Two transition pathways towards a 100% renewable energy (RE) power sector
by 2050 are simulated for Europe using the LUT Energy System Transition
model. The first is a Regions scenario, whereby regions are modelled
independently, and the second is an Area scenario, which has
transmission interconnections
between regions. Modelling is performed in hourly resolution for 5-year
time intervals, from 2015 to 2050, and considers current capacities and
ages of power plants, as well as projected increases in future
electricity demands. Results of the optimisation suggest that the levelised cost of electricity could fall from the
current 69 €/MWh to 56 €/MWh in the Regions scenario and 51 €/MWh in the
Area scenario through the adoption of low cost, flexible RE generation
and energy storage. Further savings can result from increasing
transmission interconnections by a factor of approximately four. This
suggests that there is merit in further development of a European Energy
Union, one that provides clear governance at a European level, but
allows for development that is appropriate for regional contexts. This
is the essence of a SuperSmart approach. A 100% RE energy system for
Europe is economically competitive, technologically feasible, and
consistent with targets of the Paris Agreement.


LUT Focus Areas

Last updated on 2020-20-03 at 10:03

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