A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Applying a multi-objective optimization approach in designing water supply systems for mining industries. The case of Chile

Open Access publication

Publication Details
Authors: Herrera Sebastián, Lucay Freddy, Cisternas Luis, Kraslawski Andrzej
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2019
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Journal of Cleaner Production
Journal acronym: JCP
Volume number: 210
Start page: 994
End page: 1004
Number of pages: 11
ISSN: 0959-6526
eISSN: 1879-1786
JUFO-Level of this publication: 2
Open Access: Open Access publication
Location of the parallel saved publication: http://urn.fi/URN:NBN:fi-fe201901172436


This work presents a multi-objective optimization approach to designing integrated water supply systems for the mining industry. The main goal is to estimate the total operational costs and greenhouse gas emissions from water supply systems. Chilean mining industry has been selected as a case study because of acute problem of water scarcity that it experiences. The current strategy to face the problem applied by the mining companies operating in Chile consists in building independent water supply systems that use ocean as the source of water. This solution is highly energy intensive, which is why the problem of water consumption is also a problem of energy consumption. The proposed optimization approach determines - from technical, economic and environmental perspective - the optimal topology of the system, optimal locations and sizes of water treatment plants, pumping stations, and pipelines. In addition, the analysis takes into account the eventual use of photovoltaic solar system in order to decrease greenhouse gas emissions. Our main findings have demonstrated that an integrated water supply system is always the best option from an economic and environmental point of view.

Last updated on 2020-20-03 at 10:03

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