G4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph)

Introducing Basic Systematic Requirements Engineering Practices in Small Organizations with an Easy to Adopt Method


LUT Authors / Editors

Publication Details
Authors: Nikula Uolevi
Publication year: 2004
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Acta Universitatis Lappeenrantaensis
Series: Acta Universitatis Lappeenrantaensis
ISBN: 951-764-948-7
eISBN: 951-764-952-5
ISSN: 1456-4491
JUFO-Level of this publication:
Open Access: Not an Open Access publication

Abstract
Requirements-relatedissues have been found the third most important risk factor in software projects and as the biggest reason for software project failures. This is not a surprise since; requirements engineering (RE) practices have been reported deficient inmore than 75% of all; enterprises. A problem analysis on small and low maturitysoftware organizations revealed two; central reasons for not starting process improvement efforts: lack of resources and uncertainty; about process improvementeffort paybacks.; In the constructive part of the study a basic RE method, BaRE, was developed to provide an; easy to adopt way to introduce basic systematic RE practices in small and low maturity; organizations. Based on diffusion of innovations literature, thirteen desirable characteristics; were identified for the solution and the method was implemented in five key components:; requirements document template, requirements development practices, requirements; management practices, tool support for requirements management, and training.; The empirical evaluation of the BaRE method was conducted in three industrial case studies. In; this evaluation, two companies established a completely new RE infrastructure following the; suggested practices while the third company conducted continued requirements document; template development based on the provided template and used it extensively in practice. The; real benefits of the adoption of the method were visible in the companies in four to six months; from the start of the evaluation project, and the two small companies in the project completed; their improvement efforts with an input equal to about one person month. The collected dataon; the case studies indicates that the companies implemented new practices with little adaptations; and little effort. Thus it can be concluded that the constructed BaRE method is indeed easy to; adopt and it can help introduce basic systematic RE practices in small organizations.

Last updated on 2017-22-03 at 15:36

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