A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Fatigue life calculation procedure for the rotor of an embedded magnet traction motor taking into account thermomechanical loads

Open Access hybrid publication

Publication Details
Authors: Sikanen Eerik, Nerg Janne, Heikkinen Janne E., Gerami Tehrani Mohammad, Sopanen Jussi
Publisher: Elsevier
Publication year: 2018
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Volume number: 111
Start page: 36
End page: 46
Number of pages: 11
ISSN: 0888-3270
eISSN: 1096-1216
JUFO-Level of this publication: 2
Open Access: Open Access hybrid publication


Working cycle and load fluctuation have to be considered in the design process of traction motors in order to be able to optimize the size, life cycle, and performance of the electric drive. The total stress and fatigue life of an electric motor rotor are determined to a large extent by centrifugal forces, tangential forces caused by torque, and the temperature gradient along the rotor. Rapid increase in heat as a result of sudden variation in the electric current and the differing thermomechanical characteristics of the components leads to non-uniform stress in the assembly. By applying the principle of superposition to the transient mechanical and thermal stress, a multidisciplinary method is proposed for the calculation the equivalent von Mises stress for a fatigue life analysis. This paper presents a fatigue life calculation procedure considering the mechanical and thermal stresses. The method is presented using the rotor of the Electric RaceAbout (ERA) traction motor as a case example. The presented approach is validated by comparing simulated and measured temperature data from ERA drive tests at the Nürburgring Nordschleife track. The results indicate the great importance of taking into consideration both mechanical and thermal loads in lifetime calculation.

Last updated on 2019-13-03 at 12:00

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