A4 Conference proceedings

Experimental set-up for studying hot cracking in multi pass laser hybrid welding of thick section austenitic stainless steel

Publication Details
Authors: Karhu Miikka, Kujanpää Veli
Publication year: 2008
Language: English
Title of parent publication: 27th International Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics, Congress Proceedings2008
Start page: 5353
End page: 544
Number of pages: -4808
ISBN: 9780912035123
JUFO-Level of this publication: 0
Open Access: Not an Open Access publication


Although the austenitic stainless steel
grades are commonly considered to be quite easily weldable, there are
certain applications which make exception to the above statement. As an
example, which has also attributed to this study, it could be mentioned a
welded assembly which forms a very rigid structure. In above mentioned structure, a risk of solidification cracking (i.e. hot cracking) in produced welds could be a significant problem, if necessary precautions are not taken into account well in advance. It is generally known that hot cracking of austenitic stainless steel during welding
is very much coupled to chemical composition and the strains formed
during solidification stage of the weld. The level of strains is
dependent on e.g. a groove design, used welding parameters and the rigidity of the structure to be welded. In this work the main objective was to find a method for studying hot cracking susceptibility when a thick section austenitic stainless steel is welded using laser hybrid welding process (3 kW Nd:YAG-laser + GMAW) and multi pass technique. The tested parent material was a specially customized heat: AISI 316L(N)-IG ITER-grade austenitic stainless steel.
During this study the test system was first developed and tested. It
consists of a very rigid clamping system and specially designed 60 mm thick
test piece which was planned to be rigid as itself. The test welds were
evaluated with macroscopic and microscopic examination. In addition NDT was used as well. The results of welding tests showed that the developed test set-up can produce strains high enough to promote hot cracking in produced test welds. According to welding test results, hot cracking occurred in these rigid weld arrangements. The test set-up is described and the results of hot cracking
tests are reported. The effect of chemical composition of the used
parent/filler material and prevailing micro structure of weld metal on
the risk of hot cracking susceptibility is discussed as well.

Last updated on 2019-13-12 at 10:39