A1 Journal article (refereed), original research

Thermal stratification and mixing in a suppression pool induced by direct steam injection

Open Access publication

Publication Details
Authors: Li Hua, Villanueva Walter, Puustinen Markku, Laine Jani, Kudinov Pavel
Publisher: Elsevier Masson
Publication year: 2018
Language: English
Related Journal or Series Information: Annals of Nuclear Energy
Volume number: 111
Start page: 487
End page: 498
Number of pages: 12
ISSN: 0306-4549
eISSN: 1873-2100
JUFO-Level of this publication: 2
Open Access: Open Access publication


An experimental and numerical investigation of thermal stratification and mixing in a suppression pool is presented. Steam injected into a drywell flows through a blowdown pipe and then down to the pressure suppression pool where direct contact condensation occurs. The steam venting and condensation is a source of heat and momentum. A complex interplay between the two leads either to thermal stratification or mixing of the pool. The experiments are conducted in a scaled down PPOOLEX facility at Lappeenranta University of Technology (LUT). The corresponding numerical simulations are performed using GOTHIC with the Effective Heat Source (EHS) and Effective Momentum Source (EMS) models. The EHS/EMS models, that have been previously proposed, predict the development of thermal stratification and mixing during a steam injection into a large pool of water. The experiments exhibit the development of thermal stratification in the pool at relatively low mass flow rates and then pool mixing when the mass flow rates are increased but later thermal stratification can re-develop even at the same relatively high mass flow rates, which is due to the increasing pool temperature that shifts the condensation to a different regime. The numerical simulations quantitatively capture this complex transient pool behavior and are in excellent agreement with the transient averaged pool temperature and water level in the pool.

Last updated on 2019-13-03 at 12:00